Pakistani women and jihad: a new dangerous trend – by Maria Alvanou

Pakistani women and jihad: a new dangerous trend by Maria Alvanou – The recent suicide attack and bombing against the return of Benazir Bhutto have brought Pakistan in the spotlight. Unfortunately this tragic incident highlights the radicalization process taking place in the country. What is quite surprisingly is that the jihadi socialization mechanisms have started to include women too. Radicalized women in Pakistan are increasingly being used by jihadist groups to promote their extremist cause. This year, women from the Jamia Hafsa seminary wearing burqas protested in front of the Lal Masjid (the “Red Mosque”, known for training and funding the holy warriors of the Afghan jihad), seem to be the off start of an alarming and dangerous trend.

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I Confini, le Città,le Infrastrutture Critiche

Il Convegno si basa sul concetto di “luogo” unito a quello della “Sicurezza Nazionale”. I “luoghi della Sicurezza Nazionale” sono stati scelti, in questo primo evento, come quelli di frontiera e di passaggio; quelli urbani della vita quotidiana di ogni giorno; quelli delle infrastrutture critiche. OSN è anch’esso un luogo legato al tema della Sicurezza: è lo spazio per costruire una cultura condivisa e trasversale, per la ricerca, l’analisi, il confronto. Il Convegno si basa sull’interdisciplinarietà dei saperi: sociologico, giuridico, economico, criminologico, tecnologico,… e sulla interazione tra culture di ambienti diversi. Il mondo della Difesa accoglie questo dialogo, apportando le proprie esperienze e con il desiderio di quel confronto che passa attraverso la valorizzazione della multidisciplinarietà e della cross-fertilization delle competenze.

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Intervista a Murad Karayilan – trad. di Hamed N.

Qandil, siamo nelle montagne nel Kurdistan iracheno, verso l’Iran. Questa intervista a Murad Karayilan (capo del consiglio direttivo del PKK) (foto a fianco) è stata realizzata dal giornale tedesco Der Spigel e pubblicata sul giornale kurdo Awena di Sulaimaniah (13/11/2007). Murad Karayilan: “Sia il nostro popolo sia le forze politiche nel Kurdistan iracheno devono sapere che la Turchia vuole attaccare non solo il PKK ma anche la regione federale del Kurdistan, inoltre vuole ostacolare l’annessione della città kurda di Kirkuk alla regione kurda, ciò significa che la Turchia non vuole che i kurdi abbiano una loro amministrazione autonoma e un loro sistema di governo.”

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Il Sesto Anniversario del Nine Eleven e il ritorno di Osama Bin Laden? – by Marco Lombardi

Come ci si poteva aspettare la campagna mediatica per il Sesto Anniversario del Nine Eleven è puntualmente cominciata: un trailer di annuncio del video prossimo proprio con Osama starring (trailer che viene diffuso dai media occidentali per la consueta pubblicità); il video di 26 minuti e 27 secondi intitolato “The Solution” per il 7 settembre e, ancora oggi 11 settembre, un nuovo regalo di Osama, che ci partecipa il testamento di uno dei kamikaze al WTC: tal Abi Masa’ab Walid al Shahri.

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Intervista con Mezgin, PKK – by Hamed N.

Intervista con Mezgin – PKK, Agosto 2007 – Kurdistan iracheno. Incontro la signora Mezgin rappresentante importante del PKK – Partîya Karkerén Kurdîstan , in italiano Partito dei Lavoratori del Kurdistan. Mezgin, 36enne, è una delle quattro persone collaboratori del segretario, inoltre rappresenta l’organizzazione femminile del partito. Quello che segue è un breve resoconto, in termini di battute e risposte, della nostra conversazione. HN – come è strutturato il nuovo PKK? M – il partito ha un segretario, quattro collaboratori e un’assemblea composta da trentuno persone. HN – che rapporti avete con lo stato turco?

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Attacchi a Londra, Glasgow e Marib – by Marco Lombardi

Londra, Glasgow, Marib: gli ultimi giorni di giugno e i primi di luglio 2007 sono resi drammatici e tragici da alcuni attacchi terroristici sventati, riusciti parzialmente e riusciti come previsto. Che cosa sta accadendo? ITSTIME – Italian Team for Security, Terroristic Issues & Managing Emergencies, che in Università Cattolica studia il terrorismo, propone una lettura che sembra confermare le analisi condotte in questi anni.

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Palestinian Women Suicide Bombers – by Maria Alvanou

Palestinian Women Suicide Bombers: The Interplaying Effects of Islam, Nationalism and Honour Culture a new paper by Maria Alvanou, published for the Strategic Research and Policy Centre, National Defence College, IDF – Tel Aviv. In the context of wars and conflicts, women have tended to be classified within the single category “women and children”, as the “vulnerable” victims who suffer under violence with no means of defence. But women are not necessarily always vulnerable and on the contrary they have been actively engaging in many armed conflicts around the world, playing their own part in warring throughout history.

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CCTV Privacy

Surveillance people

Chiara Fonio (ITSTIME senior researcher) attended the Surveillance Summer Seminar hosted by the Surveillance Project at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. The seminars were led by three faculty: David Lyon (Queen’s University , Canada ), Kevin Haggerty ( University of Alberta , Canada ) and Kirstie Ball (The Open University, UK ). The issue of surveillance was explored from a wide perspective through lectures, discussions, group sessions and film screenings. About 20 graduate students (PhD and MA candidates, but also Post Doctoral Fellows) of 9 different nationalities attended the excellent lectures and actively participated in the discussions. All the students were encouraged to write a 2 page research proposal and to share theoretical, methodological and ethical issues within their group. At the end of the week, each group (DNA, facilitated by David Lyon, RFID, facilitated by Kevin Haggerty and CCTV facilitated by Kirstie Ball) presented either collective goals or individual research projects. It was a stimulating, productive and intensive week. The seminars offered her the opportunity to meet (or reconnect) with excellent scholars who gave Chiara helpful suggestions, insights and feedback. Moreover, she met young scholars she would be more than happy to work with. Different academic backgrounds, along with the willingness to learn from each other, made the seminars a really unique experience. In particular, the week was filled with social networking with graduate students. Some of them are her area of study (CCTV) and they are planning an exclusively CCTV oriented conference for next year in London. Besides the event, during the seminar they discussed methodological issues and the proliferation of video surveillance in different countries (Canada, Mexico, UK and Italy). Overall, she was pleased with all the presentations, discussions and group activities. It was a privilege to work with surveillance studies scholars and she is hopeful for future collaboration


Left wing terrorist groups in European countries: a threat still alive – by Maria Alvanou

Fighting global terrorism is considered to be on the highest place in the agenda of the EU security decision makers and authority officials. European countries, especially after the Madrid and London attacks are struggling to prevent and thwart operations of this huge terror magnitude, sponsored by Al-Qaeda and its affiliates. Yet, it is not true that the security problem for EU countries emerges only from ‘outside inspiration’ and only from the Jihadi menace. In fact domestic, ‘traditional’ left wing terrorist groups do continue to pose a security threat.

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CCTV Privacy

Surveillance and identity: towards a new anthropology of the person

In the last decades surveillance and security tools, from cctv to ID cards, have grown to unpredictable levels. From close spaces, such as airports and malls, to urban contexts, our identities have become mere physical features constantly monitored by the penetrating eyes of security devices. The complexity, the nuances and the essential social components of identity are often reduced to ascribed characteristics. Identities have turned into “transparent” and naked bodies, legitimately scrutinised and divided into “pieces”. This simplistic approach could lead either to social exclusion of ethnic groups usually associated with deviant behaviour, or to a more general lack of concern for the integrity and the dignity of the person as a whole. The paper aims at analysing this new and inadequate anthropology of the person by focusing on different examples, such as biometrics and data banks, that emphasise the fragmentation of the body and the risks related to this reductive approach.

DOWNLOAD LINK : Surveillance and identity


Symbolisms of basic islamic imagery in jihadi propaganda – by Maria Alvanou

The proverb “one picture is worth a thousand words” summarizes the importance of image in the field of communication. The tragic events of September 11, the attacks on Madrid and London highlighted the importance of understanding the ideology and methods of jihadi groups. There is a lack of information on modern imagery associated with political Islam, especially imagery produced by radical and violent extreme Muslim groups. These organizations have had a brief but prolific history in the production and distribution of visual propaganda, and have arguably created their own distinct genre of Internet-based Islamic imagery. Visual propaganda is more than a host for textual messages; it is an expressive medium which communicates ideas just even more effectively than writing. Jihadi imagery is a primary vehicle for the communication and diffusion of jihadi ideas, an essential tool utilized by radical terrorist organizations. Therefore, understanding how these images work, what ideas they convey, why they are employed and what responses they may elicit, is vital to the struggle against the influence of jihadi organizations and their violence. Below are examples of basic Islamic imagery and its symbolisms……..

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