On May 13 1981 Mehmet Ali Agca, a Muslim of Turkish origin, attempted to assassinate the late Pope John Paul II in St. Peter’s Square. A lot has been written regarding the reasons behind this attempted assassination that was never fully investigated. Today, 25 years after, threats for assassinating the new Pope Benedict XVI have been transmitted through Internet. On a website used by rebel movements in Iraq, a message posted by the Mujahideen’s Army announced that members of the organization would “smash the crosses in the house of the dog from Rome.” The Internet statement by the Mujahideen Shura Council, continued with the words: “We tell the worshipper of the cross that you and the West will be defeated, as is the case in Iraq, Afghanistan, Chechnya…We shall break the cross and spill the wine….God will help Muslims to conquer Rome….God enable us to slit their throats, and make their money and descendants the bounty of the mujahideen”. The Iraqi militant group, an umbrella organization led by Iraq’s branch of al Qaeda, vowed a war against the “worshippers of the cross” in response to a recent speech by Pope Benedict on Islam that sparked anger across the Muslim world.